You can get rid of wireworm in the garden only with the help of complex measures. The pest is resistant to certain chemicals and multiplies rapidly. However, with a competent approach, you can protect the infield from worms and save the crop.
Immediately after the snow melts, they begin to prepare the land for planting crops. First, the site is dug up. If traces of the pest are found during operation, it is recommended to disinfect the soil.
For this, you can use special chemicals. At home, a concentrated solution of potassium permanganate is used as an antiseptic. Pre-excavated soil is watered with potassium permanganate a few days before the start of field work.
Before planting vegetables, you can set special traps on the beds. They are easy to do with your own hands. For this, any root crop is attached to the wire. Most often, choose potatoes or carrots. Vegetables are buried to a depth of 8-10 cm. After a few days, the traps are taken out and burned together with the wireworm, which penetrated the root crops.
Planting crops in spring
Another way to prevent pests is to use organic additives. They are able to scare the wireworm. Such remedies include onion peel.
Some gardeners add a little wood ash to each well. This substance will not only scare away the worms, but also provide the root system of plants with the delivery of useful substances and trace elements.
When planting potatoes, you can also add a small amount of ammonium nitrate to the wells.
During the formation of ovaries and fruits, preventive measures should be taken to preserve the future crop. To do this, the beds are watered with special chemical solutions.
Nettle infusion is prepared at home. The crushed leaves are poured with boiling water. A bucket of water is enough 0.5 kg of fresh raw materials. Plants need to be watered 1 time per week at 0.5 liters per 1 bush.
These measures will prevent the appearance of wireworms in the garden.
Pest control in the fall
If it was not possible to avoid the propagation of worms, then this will immediately be noticeable in a spoiled crop.
The pest not only partially eats root crops, but also leaves a large number of larvae in the soil. Therefore, during harvesting, all crops affected by wireworms must be collected and burned.
Do not take spoiled potatoes or carrots in a compost pile. This will create comfortable conditions for the development of larvae. Therefore, there will be even more worms.
You can set traps on the infected area. To do this, after harvesting along the perimeter of the garden and between the beds, straw, dry leaves and tops should be poured. Some of the raw materials are left open, the other is covered with boards and film.
Adult wireworms will gather in places of accumulation of preceding plant debris. After a week, traps can be burned.
To fight the remaining larvae, they dig up the garden. You need to choose a warm day in late autumn, when there is little time before the onset of frost.
The site is carefully dug up to a depth of 10 cm. This procedure allows you to raise the wireworm larvae from the shelters that the worm prepared for winter. When freezing temperatures occur, the entire colony must die.
After digging, disinfection of the site is allowed. You can use industrial products or a solution of potassium permanganate.
Siderata is another way to prevent the occurrence of a pest. It is recommended to plant mustard in the autumn over the entire area of the site. This plant will scare the wireworm.